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Table 1 Patient characteristics at baseline in relation to asthma severity - 2015

From: Health care costs and resource utilization for different asthma severity stages in Colombia: a claims data analysis

  All patients
n = 20,410
Mild intermittent n = 14,191 Mild Persistent n = 3680 Moderate Persistent n = 1408 Severe persistent n = 1131 p-value a
Characteristic
Age in years, mean (SD) 23.9 (24.6) 23.4 (23.9) 23.7 (25.0) 27.4 (27.8) 26.3 (27.2) < 0.001
Age, n (%)       
 0-4y 7377 (36.1) 4913 (34.6) 1426 (38.7) 543 (38.5) 495 (43.7) < 0.001
 5-9y 3060 (14.9) 2280 (16.0) 482 (13.1) 178 (12.6) 120 (10.6)  
 10-14y 1619 (7.9) 1174 (8.2) 300 (8.1) 93 (6.6) 52 (4.6)  
 15-19y 804 (3.9) 614 (4.3) 135 (3.6) 32 (2.2) 23 (2.0)  
 20-44y 2964 (14.5) 2196 (15.4) 523 (14.2) 141 (10.0) 104 (9.2)  
 45-59y 1989 (9.7) 1344 (9.4) 340 (9.2) 153 (10.8) 152 (13.4)  
 >60y 2597 (12.7) 1670 (11.7) 474 (12.8) 268 (19.0) 185 (16.3)  
Gender
 Female, n (%) b 10,847 (53.6) 7599 (54.1) 1937 (52.9) 761 (54.2) 550 (48.7) 0.005
Place of residency       
 Urban 16,357 (80.1) 11,147 (78.5) 3101 (84.2) 1164 (82.6) 945 (83.5) < 0.001
 Rural 4053 (19.8) 3, 044 (21.4) 579 (15.7) 244 (17.3) 186 (16.4)  
SISBEN level c
 1 17,641 (86.4) 12,277 (86.5) 3195 (86.8) 1192 (84.6) 977 (86.3) 0.028
 2 1943 (9.5) 1352 (9.5) 317 (8.6) 167 (11.8) 107 (9.4)  
 3 99 (0.5) 72 (0,5) 14 (0.3) 7 (0.5) 6 (0.5)  
 Other 727 (3.5) 490 (3.4) 154 (4.1) 42 (2.9) 41 (3.6)  
Comorbidities
 Rhinitis 1209 (5.9) 709 (5.0) 248 (6.7) 132 (9.4) 120 (10.6) < 0.001
 Acute Bronchitis 350 (1.7) 187 (1.3) 74 (2.0) 52 (3.7) 37 (3.2) < 0.001
 COPD 2223 (10.9) 1081 (7.6) 475 (12.9) 340 (24.2) 327 (28.9) < 0.001
 Atopic Eczema 667 (3.2) 424 (2.9) 141 (3.8) 70 (4.9) 50 (4.4) < 0.001
 Pulmonary Emphysema 71 (0.3) 29 (0.2) 17 (0.4) 14 (1) 11 (1.9) < 0.001
  1. a Pearson Chi-square test for proportions and Welch ANOVA test for continuous variables
  2. b There were 179 patients of which information about sex was not available
  3. c The System for Selecting Beneficiaries of Social Spending (SISBEN) is a proxy-means instrument for targeting social spending based in an assessment of the socio-economic vulnerability of families according to their living conditions. The first level involves the most deprived populations and the third the relatively less deprived