Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 2 Causative triggers of symptoms in the study population

From: Anaphylaxis triggers in a large tertiary care hospital in Qatar: a retrospective study

Causative triggers Total N = 1068 n (%) Anaphylaxis N = 574 n (%) GAR N = 132 n (%) P-value
Food (All) 403 (37.7) 316 (55.0) 87 (65.9) <  0.001
 Nuts a 232 (21.7) 173 (30.1) 59 (44.6) < 0.001
 Egg 113 (10.5) 89 (15.5) 24 (18.1) 0.171
 Seafood 93 (8.7) 72 (12.5) 21 (15.9) 0.111
 Peanuts 92 (8.6) 71 (12.3) 21 (15.9) 0.100
 Cow’s milk 77 (7.2) 61 (10.6) 16 (12.1) 0.326
 Sesame seeds 65 (6.1) 50 (8.7) 15 (11.3) 0.158
 Wheat 38 (3.5) 35 (6.1) 3 (2.2) 0.130
 Other food b 150 (14.0) 126 (21.9) 24 (18.1) 0.933
Insects’ stings (All) 184 (17.2) 161 (28.0) 23 (17.4) 0.122
 Black ant 153 (14.3) 135 (23.5) 18 (13.6) 0.101
 Bee 3 (0.2) 3 (0.5) 0 (0.0) 1.000*
 Wasp 1 (0.1) 1 (0.1) 0 (0.0) 1.000*
 Unspecified 29 (2.7) 24 (4.1) 5 (3.7) 0.798*
Drugs (All) 123 (11.5) 103 (17.9) 20 (16.2) 0.978
 Antibiotics 58 (5.4) 49 (8.5) 9 (6.8) 0.883
  Augmentin 19 (1.7) 16 (2.7) 3 (2.2) 1.000*
  Penicillin 14 (1.3) 11 (1.9) 3 (2.2) 0.484*
  Ceftriaxone 6 (0.5) 6 (1.0) 0 (0.0) 0.596*
  Amoxicillin 6 (0.5) 5 (0.8) 1 (0.7) 1.000*
  Other antibiotics 22 (2.0) 19 (3.3) 3 (2.2) 1.000*
 NSAID c 36 (3.3) 30 (5.2) 6 (4.5) 0.938
  Ibuprofen 28 (2.6) 23 (4.0) 5 (3.7) 0.794*
  Paracetamol 8 (0.7) 8 (1.3) 0 (0.0) 0.366*
  Diclofenac 8 (0.7) 7 (1.2) 1 (0.7) 1.000*
  Aspirin 3 (0.3) 3 (0.5) 0 (0.0) 1.000*
  Other NSAID 4 (0.3) 4 (0.6) 0 (0.0) 1.000*
 IvIg d 4 (0.3) 4 (0.6) 0 (0.0) 1.000*
 Vaccines 3 (0.3) 3 (0.5) 0 (0.0) 1.000*
 Other drugs 41 (3.8) 35 (6.1) 6 (4.5) 0.779
Idiopathic (All) 49 (4.5) 44 (7.6) 5 (3.7) 0.245
  1. aNuts included cashew, pistachio, tree nuts, coconuts and hazelnuts excluding peanuts which has been counted separately
  2. bOther food included chickpeas, bean, lentil, strawberry, banana, kiwi, mango, chicken, beef, pineapple, apple, and watermelon
  3. cNSAID non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
  4. dIvIg Intravenous immunoglobulin
  5. *P-value is for Fischer test (exact significant 2-sided)