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Table 3 Factors associated with patients’ adherence to asthma medications

From: Appropriateness of chronic asthma management and medication adherence in patients visiting ambulatory clinic of Gondar University Hospital: a cross-sectional study

Factors Patient adherence COR (95% CI) AOR (95% CI)
Adherent: n (%) Non-adherent: n (%)
Age    0.923(0.894, 0.952)* 0.614(0.31, 1.215)
Sex     
 Female 40(26.67) 37(24.67) 0.673(0.351, 1.288) 1.415(0.444, 4.504)
 Male 45(30) 28(18.67) 1.00 1.00
Level of education     
 No formal education 23(15.33) 42(28) 0.061(0.017, 0.223)* 0.051(0.003, 0.978)*
 Primary school 14(9.33) 13(8.67) 0.12(0.029, 0.491)* 0.149(0.018, 1.222)
 Secondary school 21(14) 7(4.67) 0.333(0.077, 1.447) 0.273(0.038, 1.95)
 Higher education 27(18) 3(2) 1.00 1.00
Marital status     
 Single 22(14.67) 5(3.33) 26.4(2.571, 271.088)* 0.794(0.029, 21.726)
 Married 62(41.33) 53(35.33) 7.019(0.819, 60.167) 1.033(0.065, 16.397)
 Divorced 0 1(0.67) 0 0.00(0.00)
 Widowed 1(0.67) 6(4) 1.00 1.00
Residence     
 Urban 75(50) 45(30) 3.333(1.433, 7.754)* 548,805,661.4(0.00)
 Rural 10(6.67) 20(13.33) 1.00 1.00
Religion     
 Orthodox 72(48) 56(37.33) 0.214(0.025, 1.832) 0.423(0.033, 5.47)
 Muslim 7(4.67) 8(5.33) 0.146(0.014, 1.525) 0.17(0.007, 3.211)
 Protestant 6(4) 1(0.67) 1.00 1.00
Monthly income    2.15(1.57, 2.93)* 1.923(1.037, 3.566)*
Severity of asthma     
 Mild 3724.67) 20(13.3) 2.16(0.94, 4.96) 1.217(0.343, 4.319)
 Moderate 30(20) 24(16) 1.46(0.64, 3.335)* 1.554(0.476, 5.071)
 Sever 18(12) 21(14) 1.00 1.00
Co-morbidity     
 Present 27(18) 29(19.3) 0.58(0.296, 1.13) 1.598(0.58, 4.398)
 Not present 58(38.67) 36(24) 1.00 1.00
Duration since diagnosis    0.942(0.896, 0.991)* 0.884(0.737, 1.061)
Duration of treatment    0.94(0.87,1.007) 1.067(0.86, 1.323)
  1. Note: AOR Adjusted odds ration, COR Crude odds ratio, CI Confidence interval, ICS Inhalation corticosteroids
  2. *Bold indicates significant values (p < 0.05)