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Fig. 3 | World Allergy Organization Journal

Fig. 3

From: The skin microbiome: impact of modern environments on skin ecology, barrier integrity, and systemic immune programming

Fig. 3

Erosion of environmental ecosystems is affecting biodiversity and microbial ecology. Together with declining nature-relatedness this is reducing human contact with immunomodulatory organisms found in natural environments – reflected in differences in skin microbes. This is increasingly being recognised as a risk factor for chronic inflammatory diseases

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