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Table 1 General characteristics of infant formulas for CMA

From: Cow’s milk allergy: towards an update of DRACMA guidelines

CMA infant formula composition  
Energy Similar to HM
Proteins Within normal recommended ranges, but CMP are hydrolysate, or whole proteins different than human milk proteins; some supplemented with lysine, threonine or tryptophan
Fats Only 15 % have α-linolenic acid in similar amounts than HM; 31 % have more linoleic acid than HM; 46 % do not include DHA; one includes 25 % palmitic acid in beta position.
Carbohydrates 70 % of special formulae are without lactose; all have a content of carbohydrates higher than HM
Micronutrients Fe ≤ than in HM (risk of iron-deficiency). Content of other minerals should be reviewed considering other factors.
Vitamins A, E, D Need to be reviewed the doses depending on other factors (>25 % of children consumed <2/3 of the RDI of Ca, Vitamins D and E).
Nucleotides 77 % have nucleotides
Choline Big variability in choline levels between different formulae.
Taurine 92 % have taurine
Carnitine 92 % have carnitine
Prebiotics 15 % include FOS/GOS
Probiotics 8 % include probiotics