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Table 2 Summary of chronic rhinosinusitis microbiota studies; type of sample, technique used and genus identified

From: The microbiome of the upper airways: focus on chronic rhinosinusitis

Author Year n Sample Techinque Aureobacterium Alicycliphilus Burkholderia Carnobacterium Citrobacter Cloacibacterium Corynebacterium Curtobacterium Cyanobacterium Diaphorobacter Enterobacter Enterococcus Fusobacterium Haemophilus Helicobacter Lachnospira Lactobacillus Micrococcus Moraxella Mycobacterium Neisseria Pediococcus Peptoniphilus Propionibacterium Pseudomonas Rhodococcus Staphylococcus Stenotrophomonas Streptococcus Ref.
Ramakrishnan VR et al.* 2013 28 healthy Middle meatus swab qPCR 16S rRNA pyrosequencing        x     x   x x      x   x    x    x x x [61]
Aurora R et al. 2013 30 CRS 12 healthy Superior middle meatus lavage 16S rRNA pyrosequencing   x     x x x x                      [62]
Boase S et al.** 2013 38 CRS 6 healthy Mucus Middle meatus swab Conventional culture Ibis T5000                         x    x    [18]
Abreu NA et al. 2012 10 CRS 10 healthy Brush samples of mucosal surfaces of the lateral, central, and medial portions of the maxillary sinus PhyloChip analysis    x x    x      x    x x x    x   x    x      [17]
Feazel LM et al.** 2012 15 CRS 5 healthy Middle meatus swabs Conventional culture 16S rRNA pyrosequences        x                  x    x    [56]
Stressmann FA et al.*** 2011 43 CRS. Polyp and inferior turbinate tissue. Mucin (if present) 16S rRNA pyrosequencing T-RFLP      x          x           x x   x   x [55]
Frank DN et al.**** 2010 26 S. aureus carriers 16 non-carriers 5 healthy Nostril swabs 16S rRNA pyrosequencing        x     x x             x    x    [63]
Stephenson MF et al.***** 2010 18 CRS 9 healthy Mucosal Biopsy 16 s rRNA pyrosequencing           x              x     x    [60]
Healy DY et al.****** 2008 11 CRS 3 healthy Mucosa samples FISH DNA probes Haemophilus influenzae Streptococcus pneumophilia Staphylococcus aureus Pseudomonas aeruginosa               x            x   x   x [64]
Sanderson AR et al.******* 2006 18 CRS 5 healthy Biopsies of the sinus mucosa FISH DNA probes Haemophilus influenzae Streptococcus pneumophilia Staphylococcus aureus Pseudomonas aeruginosa               x            x   x   x [65]
Lina G et al.******** 2003 216 healthy Nasal vestibule swabs Conventional culture        x            x          x   x [66]
Rasmussen TT et al.********* 2000 10 healthy Nasal washes Conventional culture Capillary sequencing x       x                    x x    [67]
  1. *S. aureus, P. acnes.
  2. **P. aeruginosa.
  3. ***S. aureus, S. epidermidis, Propionibacterium acnes.
  4. ****S. aureus, S. coagulase-negative, S. anaerobic species.
  5. *****H. influenza, Streptococcus pneumophilia, S. aureus, P. aeruginosa.
  6. ******Staphylococcus aureus, S. non-aureus, S. epidermidis, S. capitis, S. haemolyticus, S. warneri, S. hominis, S. lugdunensis, S. cohnii subsp. cohnii, S. auricularis.
  7. *******Haemophilus influenza, S. pneumoniae, S. aureus, Pseudomona aeruginosa.
  8. ********Staphylococcus epidermis. S. capitis, S. hominis. S. haemolyticus, S. lugdunensis, S. warneri.
  9. Asterisks indicate studies in which mentioned species were identified.