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Clinical characteristics of Korean asthmatic patients who showed negative skin prick tests, but positive specific IgE tests for fungus

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Background

Sensitivity to allergens has been recognized as a risk factor for the development of asthma. There was few study about clinical significances of positive specific IgE Tests for fungus in patients with negative skin prick tests for fungus.

Objective

We aimed to investigate clinical characteristics of asthmatics who showed negative skin prick tests, but positive specific IgE tests for fungus. The clinical difference between serum fungus-specific IgE-positive and –negative asthmatics who showed negative skin prick tests was also examined.

Method

A total of 38 patients who showed negative skin prick tests after undergoing 50 common allergens including D. farinae, D. pteronyssiuns and 5 fungi (Penicillium notatum, Cladosporium, Aspergillus fumigatus, and Alternaria,Fusarium spp.) with positive methacholine provocation test provocation test and chronic lower respiratory symptoms were included in this study.

Results

In 16 patients (42.1%) with negative serum specific IgE tests for both fungi and HDM, total IgE ( 76.1 + 64.7 KU/L) was significantly lower than in 14(36.8%) patients with positive serum specific IgE tests for fungi (730.1 + 948.41 KU/L) and in 16 patients (42.1%). with positive serum specific IgE tests for HDM (783.5 + 854.1 KU/L), respectively. In patients with negative serum specific IgE tests for both fungi and HDM, FEV1 % predicted (95.9 + 19.2 %) was significantly higher than in patients with positive serum specific IgE tests for fungi (75.5 + 24.2 % )and in patients with positive serum specific IgE tests for HDM (76.7 + 27.3 % ), respectively. In patients with negative serum specific IgE tests for both fungi and HDM, PC20 (2.61 + 1.32 mg/ml) was significantly higher than in patients with positive serum specific IgE tests for fungi (2.23 + 2.05 mg/ml) and in patients with positive serum specific IgE tests for HDM (1.34 + 1.12 mg/ml), respectively.

Conclusion

In asthmatic patients who showed negative skin prick tests, but high serum IgE, serum specific igE test for both fungi and HDM might be needed for detection of HDM.

Author information

Correspondence to Byoung Whui Choi.

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This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.

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