Volume 8 Supplement 1

3rd WAO International Scientific Conference (WISC) 2014

Open Access

Medical knowledge on managing anaphylaxis in northeastern brazil

  • Maria Do Socorro Viana Silva De Sá1 and
  • Antônia Correia Da Silva2
World Allergy Organization Journal20158(Suppl 1):A249

https://doi.org/10.1186/1939-4551-8-S1-A249

Published: 8 April 2015

Background

To assess the medical knowledge on the management of anaphylaxis in emergency (non-pharmacological actions, pharmacological approaches, biphasic anaphylaxis reaction) at the Hospital de Trauma e Emergência Dom Gonzaga Fernandes, located in Campina Grande-PB.

Methods

A descriptive cross-sectional study with a questionnaire to 60 physicians working in Hospital de Trauma e Emergência Dom Gonzaga Fernandes em Campina Grande-PB.

Results

No pharmacological actions, pharmacological measures, and knowledge of biphasic anaphylaxis reaction were approached. As non-pharmacological measures, maintenance of respiratory tract was cited by 48 physicians, whereas attention to hydration, intravenous access and patient positioning were cited by 12 doctors. As pharmacological measure, adrenaline was mentioned in 48 questionnaires as the primary drug, nine physicians reported corticosteroids as primary drug and three physicians cited antihistamine. As a route of epinephrine administration, they were mentioned: subcutaneous (39,6%), intravenous (22,9%), intramuscular (29,2%) and 8,3% did not know. About the local administration of epinephrine: 70,8% did not answer, 10,4% cited the forearm, 6,3% cited the abdomen and 12,5% cited the thigh. About patients with beta-blockers and refractory to treat anaphylaxis, an indication of glucagon to control framework was cited by four doctors. Approximately 83% of respondents were unaware of the biphasic reaction of anaphylaxis and 16% mentioned that meet only 12% described it correctly.

Conclusions

Anaphylaxis is a potentially fatal entity, whose incidence and severity are increasing, but remains significantly under-diagnosed and under-treated.

Authors’ Affiliations

(1)
Faculdade de Ciências Médicas de Campina Grande
(2)
Faculdade de Ciências Médicas de Campina Grande

Copyright

© De Sá and Silva; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2015

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.

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