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Clinical and epidemiological profile of patients with hereditary angioedema treated in a referral outpatient clinic in Vitória, Espírito Santo - Brazil

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Background

To assess epidemiological, social and clinical features of patients treated for hereditary angioedema in a referral outpatient clinic at Hospital Santa Casa de Misericordia de Vitoria, ES.

Methods

An observational, descriptive, cross-sectional study, based on a clinical-epidemiological survey of 51 patients with confirmed diagnosis of hereditary angioedema (HAE) from April 2011 to June 2014. Diagnostic confirmation was through the measurement of C4 and C1 inhibitor (C1-INH) quantitative and functional.

Results

Data from 51 patients, 29 (57%) females and 22 (43%) males, from 5 to 88 years old (mean: 32 years) was evaluated. Patients belonged to 7 families, 20 of them from the same family. The mean age of onset was 10 years and of diagnosis 26 years. Fifty (98%) patients were symptomatic, and 28 (55%) had experienced laryngeal edema. Deaths by laryngeal edema had occurred in 6 families. Crisis triggering factors were identified in 44 (86%) patients. Forty-five (88%) patients presented HAE due to quantitative deficit of C1-INH. Maintenance treatment was required for 32 (63%) patients, of whom 26 (81%) used Danazol, 5 (16%) Tranexamic acid, and 1 (3%) both. Thirteen (28%) patients needed icatibant to treat 23 crises.

Conclusions

The diagnosis of HAE is still late and deaths due to severe attacks continue to occur. Therefore, it is important that health professionals are able to recognise and diagnose the disease and treat patients appropriately, as well as providing pharmacological services to control the disease.

Author information

Correspondence to Rafael Cicconi Arantes.

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This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.

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