Mechanisims of asthma and allergic disease – 1086. Bacteria-derived extracellular vesicles as an important causative agent for asthma and COPD
© Jee et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2013
Published: 23 April 2013
Many bacterial components in indoor dust can evoke inflammatory pulmonary diseases. Bacteria secrete nanometer-sized vesicles into the extracellular milieu, but it remains to be determined whether bacteria-derived extracellular vesicles in indoor dust are pathophysiologically related to inflammatory pulmonary diseases. We evaluated whether extracellular vesicles (EV) in indoor air are causally related to the pathogenesis of asthma and/or emphysema.
EV were prepared by sequential ultrafiltration and ultracentrifugation from indoor dust collected from a bed. Innate and adaptive immune responses were evaluated after once or 4 weeks airway exposure of EV, respectively.
Vesicles 50-200 nm in diameter were present (102.5microgram [based on protein concentration]/g dust) in indoor dust, and inhalation of 1 microgram of these vesicles for 4 weeks caused neutrophilic pulmonary inflammation. Additionally, polymyxin B (an antagonist of endotoxin, a cell wall component of Gram-negative bacteria) reversed the inflammation induced by the dust EV. Indoor dust harbors Esherichia coli-derived vesicles; airway exposure to the vesicles for 4 weeks induced neutrophilic inflammation and emphysema, which were partially eliminated by the absence of IFN-gamma or IL-17. Interestingly, serum dust EV-reactive IgG1 levels were significantly higher in atopic children with asthma than in atopic healthy children and those with rhinitis or dermatitis. Moreover, serum dust EV-reactive IgG1 levels were also elevated in adult asthma or COPD patients than in healthy controls.
EV in indoor dust, especially derived from Gram-negative bacteria, appear to be an important causative agent in the pathogenesis of asthma and/or emphysema.
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