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Asthma diagnosis and treatment – 1004. The utility of mannitol challenge in the assessment of asthma

Background

Mannitol challenge is becoming a supplementary and suitable method for the assessment of asthma, commonly used for the diagnosis of Exercise-Induced Asthma, due to its safety and high specificity, demanding less equipment and time requirement. Some studies show a closer relationship between AHR (Airway Hyperresponsiveness) to mannitol and markers of airway inflammation compared with AHR to methacholine in a selected group of asthmatic subjects. We aimed to describe its suitability in a group of patients who were referred to our outpatient clinic with asthma suspicion.

Methods

Forty-eight patients over 14 years old from our Allergy Department with asthma symptoms (dyspnoea, cough or wheezing) enrolled in the study. Mannitol was inhaled according to manufacturer instructions (Dr. Anderson 9-Step protocol). The study included skin prick testing with a battery of common aeroallergens and respiratory function tests. All patients gave written informed consent.

Results

Forty-eight patients (27 female; 21 male) with a mean age of 30.61 years old were enrolled in the study. Forty patients were atopic (95.24%), showing at least one positive skin prick test and/or aeroallergen specific IgE. Two patients did not show any positive skin prick test nor aeroallergen-specific IgE. Twenty-two patients (45.83%) had a positive Mannitol Test with a mean PD15 of 155 mg. Mean Fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO) of the former resulted 36.1 ppb. Six patients (27.27%) exhibited a rapid response to Mannitol challenge and were classified as severe AHR. Five patients (22.72%) showed a moderate response to Mannitol (Steps 5-6). Eleven patients (50%) exhibited a mild response to Mannitol (Steps 7-9). All patients who manifested AHR after Mannitol Test presented a rapid recovery (<10 minutes) to baseline FEV1 after Salbutamol inhalation. The mean time required to complete the test was 18 minutes.

Conclusions

Mannitol might be considered as a convenient method for AHR diagnosis, due to its good safety and time-saving profile, specificity and relatively low equipment requirement.

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Correspondence to Dario Antolin-Amerigo.

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This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Antolin-Amerigo, D., Sanchez-Gonzalez, M.J., Rodriguez-Rodriguez, M. et al. Asthma diagnosis and treatment – 1004. The utility of mannitol challenge in the assessment of asthma. World Allergy Organ J 6, P4 (2013). https://doi.org/10.1186/1939-4551-6-S1-P4

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/1939-4551-6-S1-P4

Keywords

  • Nitric Oxide
  • Asthma
  • Mannitol
  • Salbutamol
  • Methacholine