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Basic and clinical immunology – 3011. Evaluation of selected parameters of cellular immunity at diagnosis in children with osteosarcoma

Background

Osteosarcoma is the most frequent primary malignant bone tumour, mainly affects children in the first and second decade of life. Causes of the disease are still unknown and reaction of the immune system on its development is very individual. Specific antigen-dependent cellular immunity plays an important role in this process. Cytotoxic T lymphocytes, NK , NKT and Tγδ lymphocytes are engaged directly in destruction of the tumour, helper T lymphocytes and indirectly B lymphocytes are of special importance.

The aim of study was evaluation of selected elements of cellular immunity in children with osteosarcoma at diagnosis level.

Methods

Study was performed on the group of 44 children with osteosarcoma, aged from 6 to 20 years (median 15.0 years). The control group formed 22 children in the same age (median 14,5 years) without a diagnosis of neoplastic disease and active inflammatory state. T lymphocytes with their subpopulations, lymphocytes B, NKT and NK cells from peripheral blood were analyzed by flow cytometry method. Examinations were performed before the therapy - in diagnostic period.

Results

Lower number of lymphocytes population in children with osteosarcoma compared to the control group was observed. The differences concerned lymphocytes CD3+(1609,0 vs 3038,0 kom/μl, p<0,001) CD4+(598,0 vs 1071,0 kom/l; p<0,001) and CD8+ (386.0 vs. 866.0 cells/μL; p<0.001), activated T lymphocytes CD3+/HLA-DR+(39.0 vs. 81.0 cells/μL; p<0.025), B lymphocytes CD19+(205.0 vs. 381.0 cells/μL; p<0.025) and NK cells (161.0 vs. 339.0 cells/μL; p<0.005).

Conclusions

1) General analysis of peripheral blood without differentiation of lymphocytes subpopulations is insufficient to determine disturbances which are forming in the immune system of patients with the developing neoplastic disease. 2.) The number and percentage of lymphocytes T with their subpopulations, lymphocytes B and NK cells is decreased in patients with osteosarcoma at diagnosis.

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This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Markiewicz, K., Zeman, K., Kozar, A. et al. Basic and clinical immunology – 3011. Evaluation of selected parameters of cellular immunity at diagnosis in children with osteosarcoma. World Allergy Organ J 6, P187 (2013). https://doi.org/10.1186/1939-4551-6-S1-P187

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/1939-4551-6-S1-P187

Keywords

  • Immune System
  • Osteosarcoma
  • Bone Tumour
  • Special Importance
  • Cellular Immunity