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Allied health – 3003. The relation of cachexia to the risk of hospitalization with fixed airway obstruction

Background

Body mass index (BMI) have suggested to be related with obstructive lung diseas. BMI was associated with the extent of emphysema distribution, but has still not been known about the association to degree of airway obstruction. Wetried to determine whether cachexia or BMI is risk factor of hospitalization in asthma with fixed airway obstruction.

Methods

245 asthmatic patients were enrolled. Cachexia was defined as BMI < 18. The severity of asthma was classified into grade based on GOLD criteria.

Results

BMI was significantly associated with the severity of airway obstruction. BMI was significantly associated with lung function. The severity of airway obstruction was significantly associated with the frequency and duration of hospitalization (P = 0.02, P = 0.007 respectively). The cachexia was not associated with the frequency of hospitalization (P = 0.21), while it was significantly associated with the duration of hospitalization (P = 0.019).

Conclusions

Cachexia can be a risk factor for the longer duration of hospitalization being independent of degree of fixed airway obstruction.

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Correspondence to June-Hyuk Lee.

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This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Lee, JH., Jang, AS., Park, SW. et al. Allied health – 3003. The relation of cachexia to the risk of hospitalization with fixed airway obstruction. World Allergy Organ J 6, P180 (2013). https://doi.org/10.1186/1939-4551-6-S1-P180

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/1939-4551-6-S1-P180

Keywords

  • Public Health
  • Gold
  • Body Mass Index
  • Asthma
  • Lung Function