Volume 6 Supplement 1
Mechanisims of asthma and allergic disease – 1087. Serine protease activity of per a 10 is requried to activiate airway epithelial cells
© Kale and Arora; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2013
Published: 23 April 2013
Airway epithelial cells play an important role in initiating airway allergic responses by secreting a variety of proinflammatory cytokines. The present study was aimed to elucidate the effect of serine protease activity of Per a 10 on biochemical properties of an airway epithelial cell line.
Alveolar type II epithelial cell line A549 was incubated with active (nPer a 10), AEBSF inactivated (iPer a 10), heat inactivated (ΔPer a 10) native Per a 10 and inactive recombinant Per a 10 (rPer a 10). After incubation pro-inflammatory cytokines IL-6, IL-8 and GMCSF were measured by ELISA. Intracellular Ca2+ mobilisation was determined in A549 cells by Fluo 4AM. PAR-2 derived peptide (GTNRSSKGRSLIGKVDGTSHVTGKGVTC) was incubated with nPer a 10 and resultant cleaved products were subjected to LC-MS.
nPer a 10 caused desquamation of cells that led to the secretion of pro-inflammatory cytokines from A549 cells in concentration dependent manner. ΔPer a 10 whose activity was abolished by heat treatment and rPer a 10 failed to secrete any of these cytokines. iPer a 10 showed some residual activity after treating with AEBSF and caused lower but significant secretion of proinflammatory cytokines. Per a 10 was able to mobilise Ca2+ in a concentration and activity dependent manner. nPer a 10 cleaved the PAR-2 derived peptide (GTNRSSKGRSLIGKVDGTSHVTGKGVTC) between arginine and serine residues as determined by LC-MS, to expose the PAR-2 specific ligand SLIGKV. Whereas rPer a 10 and inactive Per a 10 failed both to mobilise Ca2+ and to cleave PAR-2 derived peptide. Thus Per a 10 activated epithelial cells to secrete proinflammatory cytokines in activity dependent manner via PAR-2 receptors.
Per a 10 activates epithelial cells to secrete proinflammatory cytokines that mediate the allergic responses and the activation is through the cleavage of PAR-2 receptors.
This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.