Volume 6 Supplement 1

2nd WAO International Scientific Conference (WISC 2012), Abstracts

Open Access

Basic and clinical immunology – 3021. Inhibitory action of levocetirzine hydrochloride on eosinophil actication in vitro

  • Atsuko Furuta1,
  • Kazuhito Asano2 and
  • Harumi Suzaki2
World Allergy Organization Journal20136(Suppl 1):P197

DOI: 10.1186/1939-4551-6-S1-P197

Published: 23 April 2013

Background

Histamine H1 receptor antagonists are used for the treatment of allergic disorders such as allergic rhinitis and atopic allergy with remarkable success. However, the influence of antihistamines on the function of eosinophils, which are the most important final effector cells in allergic diseases, is not well understood.

Purpose

The influence of histamine H1 receptor antagonists on eosinophil functions was examined through the choice of levocetirizine hydrochloride (LH) in vitro and in vivo.

Methods

BALB/c male mice (5 weeks of age) were intraperitoneally infected with 500 Mesocestoides cortii larvae. These mice were then treated with LH at a single dose of 0.1 mg/kg once a day, which was started on the day of infection. The percent of peripheral blood eosinophils and IgE levels were examined 21 days after infection. In the second experiments, eosinophils obtained from mice infected with M cortii were sensitized with M.cortii-specific IgE, and these sensitized eosinophils were stimulated with 10 ng/ml of M. cortii excretory antigen in the presence of LH for 24 h. MIP-1β, LTC4and RANTES levels in culture supernatants were examined by ELISA.

Results

Oral administration of LH could not suppress both peripheral blood eosinophila and IgE hyper-production, which were observed in mice infected with M cortii. The addition of LH into cell cultures could suppress the ability of eosinophils to produce MIP-1β, LTC4 and RANTES, which were increased by SCF stimulation. The minimum concentrations of LH, which caused significant suppression of factor production, were 1.0μM for MIP-1β and LTC4, and 0.5 μM for RANTES.

Conclusions

These results may suggest that LH exerts inhibitory effects on eosinophil activation and results in favorable modification of clinical status of pollinosis patients.

Authors’ Affiliations

(1)
Department of Otorhinolaryngology, School of Medicine, Showa University
(2)
Physiology, Showa University

Copyright

© Furuta et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2013

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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